Symptoms and Diagnosis

Symptoms of coronary heart disease include chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness and palpitation, etc. The most common cause of angina pectoris is the obstruction or stenosis of the coronary artery which eventually leads to myocardial ischemia during which crushing sub-sternal chest pain is felt. For some patients, this pain may extend beyond the chest to the left arm, elbow, or even stomach.

The diagnostic methods for CHD are as follows:

  1. Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  2. Exercise Treadmill Test – a test that identifies the presence of myocardial ischemia
  3. Echocardiography
  4. Myocardial Perfusion Scan
  5. Computed Tomography (CT)
  6. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  7. Cardiac Catheterization and Coronary Angiogram – a test that requires insertion of a catheter through the artery of the leg or wrist and injection of an x-ray dye into the coronary arteries to illustrate and verify the degree of blood vessel occlusion.